Philadelphia’s City Hall is one of our favorite buildings. It’s the most ornate and largest City Hall in the country and was almost torn down two times. It’s located at 1 Penn Square and was the tallest building in the world from 1894 to 1908 surpassing the Eiffel Tower and Washington monuments. It remained the tallest building in Philly until the construction of 1 Liberty Place that formally ended the gentlemen’s agreement limiting the height of the city’s buildings (no building was built taller than City Hall until Liberty Place was constructed 1984-1987).
We’ve been to Philly countless times, walked by and through the building and then for our last trip discovered there was a tour that takes you to the top! The tour is a must for architecture buffs.
Since the Mole Antonelliana in Turin’s pinnacle collapsed, City Hall is the worlds tallest masonry building. They don’t build things like this anymore. The walls are up to 22 feet thick and made of granite and brick. Construction started in 1897 and was completed in 1901. It’s the largest city Hall in the country with almost 700 rooms. It houses 3 branches of government: the Mayor’s office (executive branch), Philadelphia City Council (legislature), and part of the judicial courts.
The wonders of this building are amazing. We took extra time at the end to explore. You can’t freely explore NYC City Hall so it felt a little weird but we were able to explore. The way the staircases were designed kept us entertained. We just stood there for a little enjoying the details.
The trip to the very top was the icing on the cake. Seeing the bricks and skeleton of the clock was amazing. The clock is 26 feet in diameter and was designed by Warren Johnson. Riding up in the elevator you can see the wooden structures supporting the tower. There use to be decorative panels that crowed the top of the tower but were removed. The observation deck is 499 feet above street level.
At the very top is a statue of William Penn. He was a Quaker and founder of the province of Pennsylvania. He believed in democracy and religious freedom. He was also known for having successful and good relations with the Lenape Indians. He had successful treatises with the tribe (according to wiki). Philadelphia was planned and developed under Penn.
Back in England, Penn was imprisoned in the Tower of London many times for his religious beliefs. To read more about Penn, click here.
Scottish immigrant Alexander Milne Calder sculpted the statue. it’s 37 feet tall and 27 tons. It took him 20 years to work on the statues of City Hall. Calder Studied at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts.
The Curse of William Penn is used to explain the failure of pro sports teams from Philly to not winning in championships since 1987 when 1 Liberty Place was constructed and broke the gentleman’s agreement of no building ever being built taller than City Hall. The Comcast building is currently the tallest building in Philly. To try an end the curse, two workers Dan Ginion and John Joyce, attached a small statue of William Penn to a beam along with the American flag. On October 29, 2008, the Philadelphia Phillies won the World Series against the Tampa Bay Rays.
The building was almost demolished in the 1950s. They were thinking of tearing it down and rebuilding it elsewhere. But due to it being masonry construction it would have bankrupt the city. Thankfully, this Second Empire style masterpiece of John McArthur, Jr (Scottish born architect) was saved. It cost the city $24 million to build this beauty.
In 1976, City Hall became a National Historic landmark. In 2006, it was named a National Historic Civil Engineering Landmark by the American Society of Civil Engineers. The building finally got the recognition it deserves.
In 1992, City Hall went under renovation by the Historical preservation Studio of Vitetta Architects and Engineers. Hyman Myers was the lead historical architect. Most of the renovation were completed in 2007.